Overlay Management

Staying on track
with Overlay Management

Overlay management concepts:
individual, modular and proven

Every investor has their own unique investment strategy and their own unique approach to strategic asset allocation (SAA) and their own preferred driving style.

The portfolio management team has competently, professionally and successfully steered overlay mandates on the ideal line for more than 20 years, using a tailored overlay approach proven in diverse market environments. Overlay concepts are available specifically as FX Overlay, as well as in modular form as Risk Overlay and Risk OverlayPLUS.

Overlay mandates under management (on your platform of choice as well as outsourced overlay management as an administrative KVG) total 33 billion euros. In order to stabilise portfolio performance, Universal Investment provides a comprehensive management of equity-, interest-rate-, currency- and spread-related (optional) risks, using derivatives in a separate overlay sub-segment. As a Master KVG, Universal Investment has an overview of the fund, including, for example, its FX exposure (as of June 2023).

Overlay approaches


Risk Overlay

Each overlay mandate is tailored to the investor's specific requirements

  • The opportunity to participate in positive market developments, as well as to mitigate the effects of negative developments (defending the lower limit)
  • The chance to react quickly and flexibly to market risks
  • Risk monitoring of individual securities – including outsourced overlay management through an external asset manager (KVG)
  • Modularity: separate budgets for different risk types
    • The main risk categories: equity-, interest-rate- and currency-related risks
    • Non- or only partly-manageable risks, including, for example, spread and overnight risks
    • Dynamic risk budgeting by means of tactical signals (Risk OverlayPLUS)
  • Assessment of different asset classes, risk categories and overlay specifications
    • Hedge quality, risk allocation, risk budgeting
    • Regulatory and governmental guidelines
  • Management of risk categories either individually or as a whole
  • The tailored overlay is underpinned by a customised software solution


Risk Overlay

A modular overlay approach – hedging only where necessary

  • Allows a customised approach through modular concepts
  • Consistent risk overlay process tailored to various risk categories
    • Targeted use of derivatives: derivatives hedge risk categories rather than asset classes
    • Reduces the tendency of a pro-cyclical reaction by making anti-cyclical risk budget transfers between individual budgets (Risk OverlayPLUS)
    • Diversifies where appropriate and hedges risks where necessary
    • Reduces the likelihood of an expensive full hedge
  • Increases risk transparency, for example through performance by risk category

Tactical Signals

Risk OverlayPLUS

Overlay control logic is fine-tuned to tactical signals

  • Can be used irrespective of the signal provider
    • Successful cooperation with Vescore by Vontobel Asset Management for more than 10 years
    • Tactical signals play a fundamental, active role
  • Performance harvesting through signal-dependent limits for risk budgets equity, fixed income and currency (see FX Overlay)
  • Anti-cyclical, tactical re-entry into the market through signal-based budget release
  • Intelligent risk budget allocation through tactical signals

Tactical Signals – Simulations

Risk OverlayPLUS 

There are several reasons for going off track with a portfolio. And there is a tried-and-tested way to stay on track. Not only in years with economic, political and social challenges, overlays can be very helpful but also in years that are quieter. The following simulations of 2020, 2021 and 2022 illustrates what this can look like.

The simulations based on the following strategic asset allocation (SAA): 40% global equities, 60% bonds (government bonds) Euroland, USD-EUR hedge, 8% risk budget, hedging via index futures.

Overlay management performance with and without Risk OverlayPLUS

  • SAA with Risk OverlayPLUS: optimal downside protection (holds lower limit); larger drawdown have been avoided (max. drawdown only half as high); risk budgets have been used up
  • SAA without Risk OverlayPLUS: crosses the lower limit from April, only a short recovery in July

Simulation: Performance 2021 with and without Risk OverlayPLUS
  • Upward and sideways market: no effect on SAA with Risk OverlayPLUS
  • Bonds: minor difference in performance due to hedging in summer
  • Equities: benchmark performance was achieved 100%

Simulation: Performance 2020 with and without  Risk OverlayPLUS
  • SAA with Risk OverlayPLUS: optimal downside protection (holds lower limit) and quick re-entry into the market
  • SAA without Risk OverlayPLUS: clearly crosses the lower limit of 92%

Please note: opportunity costs may be incurred when using an overlay. There is no guarantee that the lower limit will always be maintained. Past performance is not a benchmark for future performance.

Currency Hedging

FX OverlayPLUS / FX Overlay

The main goal of an FX Overlay is to mitigate the currency risks associated with investments in global equity, bonds and illiquid assets, like alternative investments or real estate. Based on this, Universal Investment offers rule-based currency hedging, either directly in the respective fund or centrally
in a separate overlay sub-portfolio. The sub-portfolio can potentially include a reduction in cash requirements and considerably lower costs as a result of competitive trading according to a best-execution approach. To complete the overall FX Overlay process, collateral pool management is also available.

A choice of FX Overlay structures is available:

FX OverlayPLUS – with tactical signals Vescore by Vontobel

  • Reduction of the hedge ratio when signals show a positive environment
  • Reduces opportunity costs from currency hedging, while keeping the volatility and drawdowns low
  • Significant relief on liquidity from currency hedging
  • Integration into Risk OverlayPLUS equity and fixed income possible
  • Additional protection by carrying a risk budget

The simulation is based on the following assumptions: currency effects in EUR. Calculation of the results by means of hedging with 3-month FX forwards. The currency exposure is 100% USD.

FY OverlayPLUS

Please note: opportunity costs may be incurred when using an overlay. Past performance is not a benchmark for future performance.

FX Overlay – with FX Futures / FX Forwards

  • Static hedging of fixed hedge ratio
  • Netting effects used at master fund level in centralised overlays
  • Effective mitigation of currency risks
  • Clear and transparent processes

FX Overlay – with a combination of FX Forwards and FX Options

  • Innovative mechanism: hedging of currency risks using a combination of forwards and options, potentially reducing cost of carry
  • Zero-cost-collar structures possible, eliminating initial premium costs for options
  • SAA and FX Exposure adjustments done via forwards, adjustments to the optional structures usually not required

In addition, the administrative Master KVG vehicle provides a holistic overview of the entire currency exposure in a master fund. Illiquid structures (private equity, real estate, etc.) can be easily integrated into currency management.

Video Interviews

Manuel Stratmann Head of Trading, and Glenn Marci, Team Head Overlay Management at Universal Investment describe the characteristics of our three overlay approaches.

White Paper

Overlay approaches
come in several forms

Universal Investment’s portfolio management team presents the different aspects of overlay management.

Poster Overlay Management White Paper
Low yields, high risk and what to do about it. – Exploration


Let's discuss which overlay approach best suits your investment strategy and strategic asset allocation. We look forward to sharing ideas with you.
Marcus Kuntz

Marcus Kuntz

Area Head Sales & Fund Distribution

+49 69 71043 190


Jochen Meyers

Jochen Meyers

Area Head Relationship Management Institutional Investors

+49 69 71043 460


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